Group Meeting - 16 May 2017 - Cardiovascular disease and diabetes

Diabetes and Cardiovascular disease

The Groups AGM was held on 16 May 2017.  All officers were re-elected.  We would like to welcome Judi Marie onto our committee. 

Nisha Kaimal, who is a consultant diabetologist at Broomfield Hospital delivered a presentation on ‘Diabetes and Cardiovascular’ disease.

Nisha explained people who have diabetes are more at risk of developing cardiovascular disease than the rest of the population. The NHS spends more than £10 billion every year on dealing with the complications of diabetes. Macro vascular disease is when the larger blood vessels become damaged. Plaque builds up in the body from childhood.   Plaque can build up to such an extent that it blocks arteries in the heart, head and in the legs that it can cause major damage (heart attack, and stroke). 

Heart attack symptoms are: -

  • Chest Pain
  • Heaviness, tightness in the chest
  • Shortness of breath
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Palpitations
  • Heart failure.

Symptoms should never be ignored.

Stroke symptoms are: -

You should look out for the acronym F.A.S.T

Face – Has it fallen on one side?

Arms – Can the patient raise their arms?

Speech – Is the patients speech slurred?

Time – you should contact the medical profession as soon as possible if you notice any of the above.

Peripheral Arterial Disease

This is when blood vessels in the legs become blocked. 

The patient will get pain in their legs when they walk.  Eventually the pain will be present all of the time.   The pain is due to the muscles not getting enough oxygen.  Medical help should be sought.

Having diabetes increases the risk of getting cardiovascular disease.  Good control however will help prevent the onset of cardiovascular disease.  People who are overweight are also more likely to develop cardiovascular disease.

Hypertension also increases the likelihood of getting cardiovascular disease.

Things to help prevent cardiovascular disease are: -

  • Reduce your caffeine intake
  • Reduce your salt intake
  • Take statins
  • Reduce your fat intake
  • Increase your exercise